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Cambrian Fossil: What Is It?

first_imgA Cambrian fossil discovered in China may represent a new phylum, reports BBC News.  Vetustodermis, discovered in 1979, looks like a flatworm with eye stalks and antenna.  It resembles a mollusk or arthropod in some ways, but scientists aren’t sure how to classify it.  Forcing it into any existing group requires “pushing and pulling” that is “messy,” the article states.  David Bottjer (USC) seems willing to open up a new category.  “We have always been intrigued by the many molluscan features of these fossils,” he said, “but in the great menagerie of organisms that have inhabited Earth through life’s long history, we may come to conclude that Vetustodermis indeed represents a new phylum.”  (Within each kingdom, a phylum [pl. phyla] is the highest rank of classification.)    Jonathan Todd (Natural History Museum, London) doesn’t want to create new phyla willy-nilly any time a new organism is found with unique features.  His reasoning is evolutionary; he criticizes fellow taxonomists who are “not thinking in the phylogenetic sense” to establish where each discovery fits into “the greater evolutionary tree” of life.  He reasons, “recent phyla have got to connect somehow.”One thing is for certain: this animal was complex.  Within the evolutionists’ own dating scheme, this animal is right at the beginning of multicellular life, and already has antennae, eyes, and propulsion.  Only the cartoonish Popeye theory of evolution (05/31/2005) could believe such complex systems emerged suddenly without precursors.    When playing connect-the-dots, the more dots, the better.  Collecting more fossils is like adding dots.  When the underlying picture that slowly emerges does not fit one’s preconceptions, it is not fair to push and pull the dots toward where one wants them to be.(Visited 14 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0last_img read more

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Natural Selection Is Vacuous, Says Evolutionist, Part I: Causation

first_imgCreationists are not the only ones complaining that Darwin’s ‘mechanism’ fails as a scientific cause for biological complexity.Stephen Talbott is writing a book, and readers can watch it unfold online as he adds to it. His latest chapter came out today. Who is he?Stephen L. Talbott, a New Atlantis contributing editor, is a senior researcher at The Nature Institute in Ghent, New York…. Before coming to the Nature Institute, Mr. Talbott did software work and technical writing for engineering organizations of computer manufacturers, ran a family organic farm in Oregon, and completed academic work in philosophy.Talbott is a member  of “The Third Way of Evolution,” a group of evolutionary scientists who are critical of the sufficiency of neo-Darwinism to explain biological complexity. While dismissive of creationism and intelligent design, this group complains that “some Darwinists have elevated Natural Selection into a creative force that solves all the difficult problems without a real empirical basis.” They seek to upgrade evolution so that it is adequate “in the era of genomics and epigenomics.”Members of the Third Way include over 60 notable scientists, many of them well-known in evolutionary circles, such as James Shapiro, Eugene Koonin, John Odling-Smee and Adrian Bejan. CEH has quoted some of these evolutionists over the years as promoters of evolutionary theory. Without doubting the ‘fact’ of evolution and common ancestry, they do have trouble with the adequacy of neo-Darwinism’s concepts and mechanisms.Causation CasuistryThis makes Talbott’s views of natural selection worth considering, because they are not attacks from outside, but from inside the evolutionary camp. The Third Way’s introductory statement says, “Many scientists today see the need for a deeper and more complete exploration of all aspects of the evolutionary process.” The only thing they wish to rule out from the outset is consideration of any “arbitrary supernatural force” in explanations of life. They clearly do not wish to be aligned with “Creationism that depends upon divine intervention by a supernatural Creator.” That, they say, is “clearly unscientific” for their project. As with neo-Darwinism, only natural causes are permitted. Even logic, intelligence, and consciousness must be fit into a naturalistic box.And yet, in Stephen Talbott’s book-in-progress, Evolution As It Was Meant To Be, the latest entry (chapter 12) is titled, “A Mess of Causes.” Evolutionary theory has a causation problem. He says emphatically, “The causation problem is fundamental to biology.”What we see, that is, once we start following out all the interactions at a molecular level, is not some mechanism dictating the fate or controlling an activity of the organism. Rather (as I have been emphasizing throughout the preceding chapters), we simply observe an organism-wide, narrative coherence — a functional, end-directed, story-like coherence impossible to elucidate from a purely physical point of view. Only so far as they are caught up in this functional story do the individual molecular players find their proper roles.The misrepresentation of this organic and rational coherence in favor of supposed controlling mechanisms is not an innocent inattention to language; it is a fundamental misrepresentation of reality at the central point where we are challenged to understand the character of living things.Proof by MetaphorTalbott finds the ubiquitous analogical and metaphorical references to “controllers” and “regulators” and even “biological clocks” in biology papers to be cryptic references to some mystical agency that leaves unspecified the root cause of the behavior. Life clearly expresses some telos or goal. An embryo proceeds along a path toward an adult, even as individual molecular players take on different roles during development.The separate processes do not make tidy explanations because they are not really separate and are not doing just one thing. They are harmonizing with everything else that is going on in the organism. We gain understanding when we learn to recognize this harmony in every aspect of the organism. Various analyses can play a crucial role in bringing clarity to our understanding, but (to shift our metaphor slightly) the full picture takes shape only when the analytical threads are woven back into the larger fabric of meaning.Is the embryo controlling its own fate? What is controlling what? Where is the over-arching cause? Creationists locate the cause in an intelligent agent—God, but Third Way members have ruled that out.I have argued here that biologists are facing a “causal mess” in their own backyard, and that the refusal to acknowledge it leads to painfully self-contradictory thinking. At the same time, I have hinted here and there that we have a better way to frame the entire issue of causation and explanation. We can, in particular, recognize the role of meaning, idea, and agency as organizing principles of biological phenomena — which, as I have pointed out in various chapters, biologists already do, even if in a blindsighted manner.Unfortunately, however, my suggestion that we take our true understanding seriously is, in its present, rather undeveloped form, likely to strike contemporary biologists as itself confusing, as well as wholly unexpected. Many will ask in disbelief, “Can proper biological explanation really be bound up with meaning, idea, and agency?”So it is time to confront this question more expansively. I will do my best in the following chapters.Readers can decide if he succeeds in answering more questions than he raises. One contender for a cause—Natural Selection—takes its place in the ring in a later chapter.Natural Selection FailsIn Chapter 19, later in the book but released earlier on July 22 (he does not publish the chapters in order), Talbott specifically discusses Natural Selection’s qualifications as an explanation. We will see what he says about it next time.Don’t miss Part II of our coverage, next. Talbott butters up Natural selection only to melt it into a puddle! (Visited 397 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0last_img read more

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Medical aid and health complaints

first_imgYour go-to guide on where to get advice and give complaints to when you have issues relating to South Africa’s private or public health services.There are various bodies established to investigate the complaint you have against a medical scheme, health practitioner, clinic or hospital. For example, you can report bad service to a manager at a clinic or hospital, or even a provincial helpline. (Image: Unicef South Africa, Flickr)Brand South Africa reporterGot a problem with your medical scheme, hospital, doctor, dentist, nurse, pharmacist or optometrist? Here’s where to go for advice and complaints – including how to find your nearest private hospital or trauma centre, or get information on treatment costs and scale of benefits.Medical schemesThe Council of Medical Schemes is a body established by the government to protect the interests of the public and members of medical schemes. Their website has a “complaints zone” where a complaint can be both filed and tracked online. Before submitting a complaint, you must first follow your medical scheme’s internal complaints procedure.Website: www.medicalschemes.comHospital complaintsIf you have a complaint about a government hospital, speak to the clinic or hospital manager. If you are not satisfied with the response, call the applicable provincial complaint line.See the Department of Health‘s contact directory or Health-e News’ contact listComplaints against private hospitals should be lodged with the Hospital Association of South Africa, a self-regulatory body that investigates complaints against its members. You can lodge a complaint via its website (click on “patients”), as well as find your nearest private hospital or trauma centre and get information on costs, financing of treatment and the scale of benefits.Website: www.hasa.co.zaHealth practionersDoctorsThe Health Professions Council of South Africa is a statutory body that sets and maintains standards for health care in the country. Every health professional must be registered with the council, which has the power to institute a disciplinary inquiry into any complaint of unprofessional conduct by any of its members.Note that the council does not handle complaints against hospitals.Website: www.hpcsa.co.zaSouth African Medical AssociationThe South African Medical Association (SAMA) is a professional association for public- and private-sector medical practitioners. Membership is voluntary, with about 70% of doctors registered as members. Its website carries information on patients’ rights and responsibilities.Website: www.samedical.orgAlternative health practitionersIf you feel that an alternative health practitioner acted negligently or unethically, contact the Allied Health Professions Council of South Africa (AHPCSA) that will investigate the complaint.Website: www.ahpcsa.co.zaNursesIf your complaint is related to a nurse, contact the South African Nursing Council, an independent statutory body that sets and maintains nursing standards in South Africa, and investigates complaints of unprofessional conduct by nurses.Website: www.sanc.co.zaDentistsThe South African Dental Association has a dental mediator, who will attend to your complaints.Website: www.sada.co.zaEmail the dental mediatorOptometristsThe South African Optometric Association will assist with complaints against optometrists who are members of the association. Their website offers a range of other useful services and information, including a directory of optometrists.Website: www.saoa.co.zaPharmacistsContact the South African Pharmacy Council. The website includes information on how to lodge a complaint, as well as forms and contact details.Website: www.pharmcouncil.co.zaWould you like to use this article in your publication or on your website? See Using Brand South Africa material.last_img read more

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10 months ago​Cardiff boss Warnock: Man Utd have frightening front five

first_imgAbout the authorFreddie TaylorShare the loveHave your say ​Cardiff boss Warnock: Man Utd have frightening front fiveby Freddie Taylor10 months agoSend to a friendShare the loveCardiff City manager Neil Warnock has spoken about the prospect of facing Manchester United at the weekend.Since the last round of league games, United have fired Jose Mourinho, hired former Cardiff boss Ole Gunnar Solskjaer and will now be a different proposition.The two teams will face off against each other on Saturday.And Warnock knows United have many attacking players that can hurt his side.”The likes of Rashford will probably play up front, with Lingard, Mata, Martial,” he said in his press conference. “They’ve got pace and power coming from everywhere. “Pogba is Pogba, as good as anyone on his day. The front five is frightening really.” last_img read more

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9 months agoFletcher full of praise for Man Utd defender Lindelof after Spurs win

first_imgAbout the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your say Fletcher full of praise for Man Utd defender Lindelof after Spurs winby Paul Vegas9 months agoSend to a friendShare the loveFormer Manchester United captain Darren Fletcher has full of praise for Ander Herrera and Victor Lindelof after victory at Tottenham.While Fletcher praised David De Gea’s “brilliance” for helping the Red Devils avoid defeat, the Scot believes Herrera and Lindelof distinguished themselves at Wembley.Fletcher told BBC Sport: “I was particularly impressed by Ander Herrera, who started out on the right of their midfield diamond but had a very different role in the second half, next to Nemanja Matic as a defensive midfielder.”A lot of his work went unseen, when he was tracking players and staying with runners, but every time he got on the ball he showed great composure and he rarely wasted a pass.”Victor Lindelof stood out too, not just with his determination but with his communication and the way he organised the rest of the United defence.”It was the first time I have seen him act like a real leader, and he looks like a player who has been given the confidence by his manager to be the team’s voice at the back, which is going to be massive for United going forward.” last_img read more

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On video accused killer says women police lied to get him sent

first_imgOTTAWA – Women and law enforcement had been conspiring to ruin Basil Borutski’s life for decades, the accused killer told police the day after three of his female Ottawa Valley acquaintances were found dead in 2015.“The whole judicial system sucks the big one,” Borutski is heard saying on a videotaped police interview from Sept. 23, 2015.The interview — the first piece of evidence submitted by prosecutors in Borutski’s trial — came after 66-year-old Carol Culleton, 36-year-old Anastasia Kuzyk and 48-year-old Nathalie Warmerdam were found slain at their homes in three different locations in Renfrew County, about 200 kilometres west of Ottawa.Culleton was strangled with a television cord, and Kuzyk and Warmerdam were both shot. Borutski had relationships with all three women and lived with both Warmerdam and Kuzyk. In 2012 he was convicted and sent to jail briefly for offences against Warmerdam and her son and in 2014 he was convicted and sent to jail for offences against Kuzyk.Throughout the first 90 minutes of the videotaped interview, Borutski sits with his arms crossed, often with his eyes closed, and constantly accuses police of “malicious prosecution” in previous criminal cases — including the two that involved Kuzyk and Warmerdam.He says he talked to a lawyer overnight but doesn’t want any “crooks” to talk to anymore and accuses the police who arrested him of refusing to give him food or water, or let him take his medication.“That wasn’t nice,” Borutski said.He told police he was on oxycodone for chronic pain and was also being treated for depression, a hernia, leg cramps and athlete’s foot.In the video, Borutski takes Ontario Provincial Police Det. Sgt. Caley O’Neill through a convoluted tale of relatives, friends, his ex-wife and former girlfriends who all conspired to accuse him of things he didn’t do and police officers who engaged in corrupt investigations that landed him in jail.“The most horrible thing you can do is put an innocent person in jail,” he’s heard to say.Borutski said a 2011 conviction for drunk driving was the result of being framed by police who saw his fake criminal record, decided he was guilty, and put alcohol into the breathalyzer before he blew into it.His ex-wife accused him of raping her and assaulting her only because she wanted custody of their kids, he said.Warmerdam accused him of threatening her son only after she realized he wasn’t going to come into a lot of money because a judge sided with his ex-wife and didn’t give him a penny.Kuzyk,. he said, was mad because she wanted more from their relationship; he didn’t because she was 20 years younger than him and he saw her more as a daughter than a lover.“Women use the system to their advantage financially, for every reason they can,” he said.Throughout the interrogation, O’Neill makes an effort to befriend Borutski, but at times his patience is clearly tested — particularly after the accused complains repeatedly that the lies of women had sent him to jail.“You going to jail for a while kind of pales in comparison to being dead, don’t you think?” O’Neill says at one point.After about 90 minutes of the video, the judge stopped it to break for the day. Borutski does not directly reply when O’Neill tries to get him to explain why he killed the women, though he doesn’t correct his assertion that he did kill them.Borutski only corrects O’Neill when he refers to their deaths as “murder.”“I didn’t murder anybody,” he said.He says he is in custody “for killing, not murder.”Borutski, who is representing himself, has refused to participate in the trial. He does not speak when spoken to and doesn’t look at any of the documents given to him, although on Thursday he could be seen looking up at the video screen, watching intently.— follow @mrabson on Twitterlast_img read more

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Baseball Ohio State comes up empty in trip to South Carolina

Ohio State freshman right fielder Dominic Canzone bats in the bottom of the seventh inning against North Carolina Greensboro. Credit: Edward Sutelan | Lantern reporterThe Ohio State baseball team (7-8) lost all three games in the Greenville Drive First Pitch Invitational. The drive from Greenville, South Carolina to Spartanburg, South Carolina did not prove to be refreshing, as the Buckeyes also dropped their fifth-straight game on Tuesday.  Michigan StateThe Buckeyes fell to a Michigan State squad fueled by early runs and stellar pitching. Michigan State (3-10) defeated Ohio State 7-1 on Saturday. Spartans junior pitcher Mike Mokma went the distance in the 11-strikeout win. Mokma allowed seven hits in his nine innings of work, leaving with a 2.05 ERA on the year. The Spartans added three runs in the first inning to give Mokma early run support. Senior third baseman Ando Royce had two hits and three RBIs. Ohio State freshman pitcher Garrett Burhenn picked up his first loss of the season, falling to 2-1 on the year. Burhenn allowed seven runs in five innings. Freshman pitcher TJ Brock put in three hitless innings of relief for the Buckeyes. He recorded five strikeouts in the process. Western Carolina A big inning plagued the Buckeyes, as they dropped their third straight game. Ohio State fell to Western Carolina (8-5) in a score of 8-5. A five-run seventh inning propelled the Catamounts to a comfortable four-run victory. Junior right fielder Dominic Canzone hit a solo home run for the Buckeyes, his fourth of the year, to put the Buckeyes up 4-3 going into the bottom of the seventh inning. Ohio State freshman pitcher Mitch Milheim allowed four runs in the bottom of the inning, picking up his first loss of the year. Despite producing 11 hits, Ohio State stranded 12 baserunners in the loss. Western Carolina junior pitcher Jacob Corn received his second win of the season, as he allowed two runs in 2 2/3 innings of relief. FurmanDespite producing 10 runs, Ohio State dropped its fourth straight game in dramatic fashion Monday. The Buckeyes were outscored 11-10 in 10 innings against Furman (4-9). A solo home run by senior first baseman John Boswell ended the game, giving the Paladins its second win in three games. The Buckeye offense recorded a season-high 15 hits. Four Buckeyes produced at least three hits in the loss. Ohio State junior first baseman Conner Pohl recorded four hits and one RBI. Senior left fielder Brady Cherry added three RBIs, hitting his fourth home run of the season. The Buckeyes led 10-8 heading into the bottom of the ninth inning. After two throwing errors put two runners in scoring position, a ground out reduced the lead to one with two outs and put a runner on third. A single knocked in the tying run to extend the game. Ohio State freshman pitcher Will Pfenning received the loss. Furman freshman pitcher Rob Hughes picked up his second win of the season; he has no earned runs in 15 innings of work. Wofford The Buckeyes could stop the bleeding, dropping their fifth straight in a loss to Wofford. Ohio State lost 8-6 to Wofford (11-6), despite jumping out to a 5-1 lead through three innings. The Terriers’ offense produced seven runs in the next four innings to secure the lead and ultimately the win. Wofford sophomore starting pitcher David Yourke struggled early, allowing five earned runs in four innings. The relief for the Terriers rebounded, however, allowing only one run in the final five innings. The pitching for Ohio State did not excel against a talented Wofford batting order. Freshman third baseman John Dempsey produced three RBIs, including a solo home run in the bottom of the sixth inning. Senior left fielder Brady Cherry had a three-hit performance for the Buckeyes that included two RBIs and two doubles. Cherry is now batting .344 on the season. Ohio State junior pitcher Andrew Magno received the loss, while Wofford junior pitcher Rasesh Pandya earned the win. read more

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Beckham backs North America World Cup bid

first_imgDavid Beckham has backed North America’s bid to host the 2026 World Cup and is adamant that it would be  “very special”FIFA have received a joint bid from the US, Canada and Mexico to host the 2026 tournament with Morocco being the other.The final decision will be taken next week and Beckham, who used to play for LA Galaxy in the MLS, believes that the football’s big increase in popularity in America over recent years justifies why it should host the World Cup.“A football competition as big as the World Cup deserves to be in great places,” he said, according to Sky Sports.“And if the US, Canada and Mexico get that, it will be very special.“I know the passion that runs through all three of those countries – I played in LA for six years and when we travelled to Canada, I have seen that passion.“And don’t get me started on Mexico! There are not many nations that are as passionate as Mexico.Opinion: De Bruyne is the best crosser since Beckham Tomás Pavel Ibarra Meda – September 13, 2019 We never thought we would see anything remotely like it, but now we can say that De Bruyne is the best crosser since Beckham.Nobody…“I went to a couple of games the last time America hosted the World Cup (1994) and it was incredible.“Now, there are more people who understand the game and get excited about the game.“The infrastructure will be there and, more importantly, the excitement and the passion will be there.“I think a joint bid is important and it is three places where football runs deep.“I have seen how much the game has grown in the last 10 years, people are really getting behind the game“If it does happen I know, as a fan, I will be going to that World Cup.”last_img read more

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Deschamps admits they could do better

first_imgFrance international team’s coach Didier Deschamps admitted the squad could, in fact, do better after they won the controversial clash with Australia with a result of 2-1.The European team were the first team to make use of the video assistant referee technology and were awarded a penalty, which caused debates. Eventually, it was converted by Antoine Griezmann.“It was not easy, but winning the first match is very important,” Deschamps told SkySports.“It was complicated today with a team who gave us a hard time.”Euro 2020Report: Euro 2020 qualifying Group H George Patchias – September 11, 2019 Euro 2020 qualifying Group H is being controlled by France and Turkey, but Iceland is still in with a shout.Reigning world champions France ran…“It’s hard to explain everything. We missed a change of pace, a little juice.”“At the end of the match, we had a few more opportunities. It’s hard for everyone, apart from the first match of the Russians against Saudi Arabia (a 5-0 win),” Deschamps went on to add.“We did the job. But we can do better, do a lot better.”France will be facing Peru next Thursday in the next game of the group.last_img read more

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Balotelli absent in Vieiras first training session at Nice

first_imgMario Balotelli was absent from Patrick Vieira’s first official training session as the new head coach of OGC Nice as the side begun their pre-season training programmeThe Frenchman recently ended his two-and-a-half year stay with New York City FC in the MLS to replace new Borussia Dortmund boss Lucien Favre at the Ligue 1 club.But one of the key challenges that Vieira will face in his first few months in charge of Nice will be sorting out the future of Balotelli, who is expected to leave this summer after resurrecting his playing career in France.Balotelli scored 26 goals in 38 appearances in all competitions last season and was recalled to the Italy squad by new head coach Roberto Mancini.The 27-year-old’s contract at Nice expired on June 30, but the French club can still reportedly claim €10m from whichever club he decides to join.Neymar responds to PSG criticism with a stunning winner Tomás Pavel Ibarra Meda – September 14, 2019 Despite all the backlash he got today at Parc des Princes, Neymar responded by scoring a stunning winner vs Strasbourg.We all knew that Neymar’s…Balotelli’s teammate and fellow forward Alassane Plea was also absent.“We were supposed to have all the players (available). Unfortunately, those two weren’t there,” Vieira said, according to the Daily Mail.“We’re trying to get to the bottom of it.”When asked about Balotelli, he added: “We were expecting him today. He wasn’t here and it wasn’t foreseen.”last_img read more

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